Only half of LGBTQ Americans identify as lesbian or gay, while the rest of the spectrum shows interest in more than one gender, according to new research from the Williams Institute at the UCLA School of Law.
Some 41% of LGBTQ adults identify as bisexual, 6% describe themselves as queer, and 7% use another label such as “pansexual.”
The study examined “queer” identity across 1,518 respondents between the ages of 18 and 59 surveyed in 2016 and 2017. The report sheds new light on the term, which some still consider a slur. The Institute reports that this is the first national research done on queer Americans as an identity group.
“We find in this study that queer individuals make up a sizable proportion of sexual minorities, who are distinct in a number of important ways from other sexual minority people, both in terms of demographic characteristics and sexuality, and across gender identity,” said lead author Shoshana K. Goldberg, Ph.D., in a statement. “Additional research is needed to fully understand this population.”
Perhaps less surprisingly, the report revealed that queer-identified people are overwhelming young, with 76% between the ages of 18 and 25. Another 22% are between 34 and 41. Just 2% of adults between the ages of 52 and 59 use the term.
Those adopting the label were also overwhelmingly female-assigned (83%), researchers found. Nonbinary and genderqueer people made up more than a third of those identifying as queer (34%).
Queer cisgender participants also revealed far higher rates of attraction to transgender people than their peers; 62% said they are attracted to both cis and trans women, while just 20% of lesbians said they are attracted to both cis and trans women, and just 38% of bisexual women said they are. Queer cisgender men also had high attraction rates to transgender men—30% reported having a trans sexual partner, while just 11% of bi men and 2% of gay men did.